Mammography Guide for India including Cost of Mammogram in Indian Cities
In this article we aim to provide the information related to the rise of breast cancer in India and how can mammography screening help in early identification and screening of breast cancer. The table of contents of this article are given below. We try to update the article with the latest information regularly. We try to answer the questions raised by our readers by replying individually or by adding to this article. Your comments at the end of the article will help us improve. Also, please subscribe to our blog. This keeps us motivated to do more.
Table of Contents:
- What is breast cancer?
- Breast cancer on the rise in India
- What is Mammography or Mammogram?
- What is the procedure of Mammography?
- Who should get Mammography done?
- Breast Ultrasound vs. Mammogram for breast screening
- Symptoms that call for breast cancer screening
- Benefits of Mammogram test
- Cost of Mammography in Delhi NCR
- How can you book Mammography in Delhi?
If you will like to book your Mammography Test now, please call us on 08882668822 or fill out the form given below.
What is breast cancer?
A cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. It can start in any part of human body. Normally human cells grow and divide as and when body needs them. The old and damaged cells die giving way to new cells. These new cells are formed by cell division, also called as replication, as daughter cells are supposed to be perfect copies of the mother cells. But sometimes there may be some errors in the cell division process called as mutation. The resultant daughter cells from such division are abnormal and are called as cancerous cells. There is a built-in error control process in our bodies which lead to self-destruction of these cancerous cells. It is when this error control process of programmed cell death fails, the mutated abnormal cells survive and multiply. These cancer cells are also able to ignore the signals that normally tell them to stop replicating and hence may form growth called tumours. As these tumours grow, some cells can break free and travel through bloodstream to distant part of the body forming new tumours.
Breast cancer occur when cells in the breast begin to grow uncontrollably. The tumour formed from such growth can often be felt as a lump or detected through x-ray. Breast cancer can start from any part of the breast. Some breast cancers originate from the milk ducts and don’t develop the ability to spread outside the breast. Such breast cancers are non-invasive called as carcinoma (DCIS). This form of cancer rarely shows as a lump and is usually found on a mammogram. Invasive ductal cancer develops in the cell lining of the ducts and accounts for about 80% of all breast cancers. There are also other types of breast cancers that are less common. It is possible for breast cancer to spread to other parts of the body through blood stream or lymph nodes. It is known as metastatic cancer.
Breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women. Approximately 12.3 % of women develop breast cancer at some point during their lifetime. Women from developed countries show more chances of getting the cancer but incidences in developing countries are also increasing rapidly.
Breast cancer on the rise in India
According to Globocan Project in year 2012 in India,
- 144,937 women were newly detected with breast cancer
- 70,218 women died of the disease
This means that for every 2 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer in India one is dying of it whereas in the US for every 6 women newly diagnosed one will die of it. On comparing the above data, we can easily make out that mortality rate in India is very high. Persistent efforts in raising awareness and early diagnosis has helped US to decrease the mortality rate. So India also needs to put effort in same lines.
Since most patients in India find out about the cancer later stages of the disease, they do not survive in spite of receiving the best treatment. There are lots of reasons for late presentations like lack of awareness, shyness, social stigma or doctor’s ignorance and wrong diagnosis. Early detection and adequate treatment can achieve longer survival. Mammography helps in early detection of cancer.
For more details on the statistics you can refer here
What is Mammography or Mammogram?
Mammography is a medical procedure that uses a low-energy X-ray to take image of human breast. This X-ray image is called a mammogram. Mammography is of two types
- Screening Mammography: This procedure is used to check for breast cancer in women who show no symptoms of the disease. It usually involves taking two x-ray pictures of each breast. The X-ray image can show tumours that cannot be felt. Screening mammograms can also find microcalcification (small deposits of calcium) which may be an indication of breast cancer.
- Diagnostic Mammography: This mammography is done on patients to check for breast cancer after a lump or other sign or symptom of breast cancer is found. Symptoms include pain in breast, change in shape or size of the breast, thickening or pigmentation of the skin of the breast or nipple discharge. A diagnostic mammogram can also be done to evaluates the abnormality seen in screening mammogram. It is also done on patients with breast implants, breast reductions or with a family history of breast cancer. Diagnostic mammography takes longer than screening mammography as more x-rays are needed from different angles to ascertain the disease. A magnified picture of suspicious area is taken for the doctor to make accurate diagnosis.
What is the procedure of Mammography?
During Mammography, the technician positions the breast in a mammography unit and then compress it with a paddle. Although a little uncomfortable, the compression is essential for a good mammogram. Usually two views are taken for each breast hence four x-rays are obtained. Additional images may be taken if specified by the doctor.
A few precautions should be taken before going in for Mammography:
- Inform your doctor if you are or likely to be pregnant as radiation can be harmful for the foetus.
- It is best to undergo mammography within a week of your periods
- Inform your doctor if you are taking hormone replacement therapy
- Do not wear deodorant, talcum powder or body lotion on your breast or under your arms on the day of the exam. The mammogram will be difficult to interpret and can give false positive for calcium deposits.
- Prior mammograms should be carried along so that doctor can compare with the present ones
Who should get Mammography done?
- Women from age 40 to 54 should get screening mammogram done annually. After 54 years of age, it can be done every 2 years
- Women with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer should have annual mammogram from 35 years of age.
- Women who have received chest radiation therapy should also start getting annual mammography done as early as 30 years of age.
- Women who show the symptoms of breast cancer and their healthcare provider recommends a mammogram.
- Women who have a known BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation
In higher risk categories, an annual breast MRI is recommended along with mammogram.
Breast Ultrasound vs. Mammogram for breast screening
Ultrasound imaging of the breast uses sound waves to take pictures of the internal structures of the breast while Mammogram uses X-rays. Although ultrasound is less painful and does not uses radiation, it is a second line of diagnostic procedure. Ultrasound is recommended when the doctor has found some abnormalities in mammogram or breast MRI. It may also be useful in women with dense breast tissue. Ultrasound results in more false positive as compared to Mammograms therefore doctors do not recommend it for regular screening.
For details on breast ultrasound, you may check here.
Symptoms that call for breast cancer screening
Although breast screening or mammography should be a routine annual procedure for women with age over 45, in some women with symptoms, an early test may be required. These symptoms are:
- A lump or thickened skin in either breast
- Change in size or shape of one or both breasts
- Discharge from either of nipples or nipples sinking in.
- Dimpling of the skin of the breasts
- A lump in either of armpits
Benefits of Mammogram Test or Mammography Test
- A mammogram helps in early detection of cancer. Early stage cancers are 99% curable.
- A mammogram is able to detect microcalcification, which are tiny deposits of calcium seen in early stages of breast cancer.
- Mammogram uses low dose of x-ray so is not harmful. The benefit of early detection far outweighs the small amount of radiation.
Cost of Mammography in Delhi NCR
Mammography or breast screening is done in number of radiography labs in Delhi. Labsadvisor can help you book for the test at best possible price. Just click below and book in no time.
|Cost of Mammography Test in Delhi / NCR||Min Cost|
|Mammography for Single Breast||₹ 880|
|Mammography for Both Breasts||₹ 1,500|
|MRI Scan Mammography / MRI Breast||₹ 4,000|
Cost of Mammography in Mumbai
|Cost of Mammography Test in Mumbai||Min Cost|
|Mammography for Single Breast||₹ 1275|
|Mammography for Both Breasts||₹ 1,275|
Cost of Mammography in Bangalore
|Cost of Mammography Test in Bangalore||Min Cost|
|Mammography for Single Breast||₹ 700|
|Mammography for Both Breasts||₹ 1,400|
|MRI Scan Mammography / MRI Breast||₹ 4,875|
How can you book mammography in India?
You can call us now at 08882668822 to book Mammography or Breast MRI. For a call back, please fill out the form given earlier in the article.