Complete Guide for Bone Scan in India
What is a Bone Scan?
A Bone Scan is a nuclear imaging test that looks for changes or abnormalities in the bones. Nuclear bone imaging is relatively inexpensive, widely available, and fairly responsive and is invaluable in diagnosis of numerous bone conditions. Nuclear bone scan is also known as bone Scintigraphy. Numerous studies have confirmed that bone scintigraphy is considerably more sensitive for detecting skeletal abnormalities than conventional radiography. Although bone scan is not specific, i.e. it cannot pinpoint the disease responsible for the symptoms, it is still widely carried out due to its exquisite sensitivity.
Bone Scan in India
Due to nutritional deficiencies and lack of vitamin D, bone problems are widespread in India. Osteoporosis is quite common in Indian women. Bone diseases create a barrier in normal lifestyles and hinders in day-to-day activities. Proper nutrition is necessary for healthy bone metabolism. If you are suffering from persistent pain in any bone, you should see your doctor. The pain might be an indication of some underlying complexity. If the doctor advises a bone scan, you should go for one. Labsadvisor.com can help you locate radiology centers with facility of bone scan in Delhi. You can easily book your scan at a very competitive price.
When is a Bone Scan Prescribed?
A Bone Scan may be prescribed to check the rate of bone formation called as bone metabolism. It may be done to find or help treat any of the following medical conditions:
- A vascular necrosis. It is a condition where parts of bone die because of lack of blood supply to them.
- Bone diseases, such as arthritis, fibrous dysplasia, rickets, or Paget’s disease.
- To check if prostate, breast, or other cancer has spread the bones.
- Changes in the bones after radiation therapy.
- Early stress fractures that have not caused a completely broken bone.
- Infection of the bone, called osteomyelitis
- If there is a pain along the front of the bone of your lower leg called as shin splints
- If there is trauma of the bones after an accident such as hip bones
- To detect some abnormalities related to leukaemia and lymphoma.
- Spondylolysis is a common cause of pain in young adults. When the initial x-rays are negative, nuclear bone scan serves as a specialized imaging process for diagnosis.
- Unexplained bone pain. Bone scan helps in diagnosing the cause or location of unexplained bone pain, such as ongoing lower back pain. A bone scan may be advised first to determine the location of an abnormal bone in complex bone structures such as the foot or spine.
- Patients with venous obstruction have swelling at the affected area. By three-phase bane scan collateral vessels is identified for further treatment.
What is The Bone Scan Procedure?
- You will have to make a prior appointment with the radiology department for the scan. To book an appointment in Delhi click here: Labsadvisor.com
- At the laboratory, a health assistant will check your weight and then put an IV line into vein of your hand or your arm. A solution containing radioactive tracer will be injected through the IV. This radioactive tracer breaks down after some time and radiates gamma rays. The gamma rays scanner will scan for the amount of tracer in your bones.
- The interval between the injection and scan will depend upon the disease to be diagnosed. If a bone scan is done to diagnose a bone infection, scan may be carried out shortly after the radioactive material is injected again 3 to 4 hours later, when it has accumulated in the bones. To evaluate metastatic bone disease, scan is done after 3-4 hours. Drink plenty of liquids, such as water or juice between the time of the injection and the scan procedure. Make sure you go to the empty your bladder as much as possible to avoid tracer collecting in your bladder.
- Before going for the scan, remove jewellery or any other metal objects on you. Change into hospital gown and empty your bladder. You will be taken to the scan room and asked to lie on a table. The radiologist will use the gamma scan machine to take images of your bone. You must lie very still and move only when asked by your radiologist. The procedure will take about 45-60 minutes.
What are the Risks of Bone Scan?
The amount of radioactive tracer injected into your vein is very small. All of it is gone from the body in 24 hours. The radio-tracer that is used exposes you to a very small amount of radiation. The risk is probably not greater than those with conventional x-rays.
- The procedure is totally painless.
- There is a slight risk of infection or bleeding when the needle is inserted into your vein.
- If you are pregnant then you should avoid the scan, as radiation may be harmful for the baby.
Who cannot have Bone Scan?
- Pregnant lady
- If you are breastfeeding, and you must have the test then you should pump the breast milk and throw that away for at least two days.
- Tracer allergy is very rare but speak to the doctor if you think you are allergic to it.
- If you recently had medicine with barium (Barium Enema). Wait for four days as barium may interact with the procedure and give false results.
What do the Results Show?
- The test results are considered normal if the tracer is present evenly throughout the bone. The image will look the same colored (gray) throughout.
- An abnormal scan will have either “hot” or “cold” spots. Hot spot means the area appears darker than normal and has more accumulation of the tracer. The spots are the areas that appear lighter or white due to lack of presence of the tracer.
- Hot spots may indicate a bone infection, cancer, arthritis or a fracture that is healing. It may also indicate abnormal bone metabolism such as Paget’s disease.
- Cold spots may point to lack of blood supply to the bone called as bone infraction. It may also indicate certain type of cancer such as multiple myeloma.
- You must remove jewellery and other metal objects from your body. You may be asked to wear a hospital gown.
- Inform your doctor if you are or may be pregnant.
- DO NOT take any medicine with bismuth in it, such as Pepto-Bismol in 4 days before the test.
Limitations of Bone Scan
- A bone scan does not specify the cause of the abnormal results. So Bone Scan results should be interpreted along with your symptoms. Further investigations such as blood test, MRI or biopsy may be needed to correctly diagnose the underlying problem.
- Some types of cancer and diseases are unidentifiable under a Bone Scan.
Cost of Bone Scan in Delhi
Cost of Bone Scan in Delhi ₹ 5250
How to Book Bone Scan in Delhi
You can reach to LabsAdvisor.com, to book your Bone Scan Test in Delhi, and Call us on 08882668822 or write to email@example.com. You can also download our Android App to make the online booking. You may fill out the below form for a call back.
There are some other medical test guides that you may find useful, listed below: