A Guide to Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) in India
Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, also called as Venereal diseases have emerged as the third most dangerous illness category in India. Due our social attitude, merely a fraction of STD cases gets reported. More than just the stigma, it is the widespread ignorance about STD and its harmful effects, even among the educated class, that have led to a spike in STD infections especially in urban India.
We go for regular heart checkups or kidney profiles but shy away from undergoing tests for STDs. There has been a 400% increase in STD cases in India since 1981. It is high time that we should create an awareness about these diseases and make people realize the importance of getting regular sexual health checkups.
Recognizing the need of the hour, labsadvisor.com brings in here a detailed guide to all the common STDs. The idea here is to inform you about the diseases, the symptoms to look out for and get treated in time.
This guide covers the following topics:
- What is an STD?
- Which are the most common sexually transmitted disease?
- What are the benefits of getting tested for STDs?
- How can you prevent yourself from getting STDs?
- Tests details of Labsadvisor’s STD health screening package.
- Cost of Labsadvisor’s STD health package.
- How to book a STD health checkup?
If you would like to know more about STD Health Screening Package for male and female now or book a package please give us a call or whatsapp on 08882668822. You may also fill the form given at the end of this article or send us an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
What is an STD?
STD stands for sexually transmitted disease. A sexually transmitted disease is an infectious illness that is transmitted through unprotected sexual activity or skin-to-skin contact with an infected area. STDs can also be spread through intravenous (IV) drug use, infected blood transfusion and can be passed to an unborn child during pregnancy or through breastfeeding.
Which are the most common Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
The common sexually transmitted diseases with their symptoms are listed below:
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is very much curable. But if left untreated, chlamydia can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant.
Most people who have chlamydia have no symptoms. Even if symptoms show up, they may not appear until several weeks after you have sex with an infected partner.
Symptoms can include:
- an unusual sore
- a smelly discharge
- burning when urinating
- bleeding between periods in women.
In men, there can be discharge from penis or there can be swelling in testicles.
Chlamydia may cause no symptoms, but can damage women’s reproductive system.
It is important for a sexually active woman with new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has an STD, to get tested for chlamydia every year.
Chlamydia can infect both men and women.
In men, the infection can spread to the tube that carries sperm from the testicles, causing pain and fever.
Laboratory tests can diagnose chlamydia. The test is called as Chlamydia Trachomatis IgM which is a simple blood test looking for active antibodies against chlamydia antigen. The lab report should be discussed with your doctor. Chlamydia can be treated easily.
Gonorrhoea is the infection of genital area, throat and rectum. Gonorrhoea is a very common infection among young people ages 15-24.
Anyone who is sexually active can get gonorrhoea through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Also, pregnant women with gonorrhoea can pass on the infection to their babies during childbirth.
Some men infected with gonorrhoea may have no symptoms at all. However, following symptoms may appear in some:
- Painful or burning sensation while urinating
- Discharge from the penis of White, yellow or green colour
- Swollen testicles (although less common).
Most of the women with gonorrhoea do not have any symptoms. Those women who have symptoms, have mild ones which can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection.
Symptoms in women can include:
- Painful or burning sensation when urinating
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
- Increased vaginal discharge
Sometimes women don’t have any symptoms but they are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection.
Infection in the rectum due to gonorrhoea in both men and women show following symptoms:
- Anal itching
- Soreness or painful bowel movement
Untreated gonorrhoea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both men and women.
In women, untreated gonorrhoea can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which may result in ectopic pregnancy or infertility.
Men can also get long-term pain in the tubes attached to the testicles. In some cases, it may lead to sterility.
Gonorrhea can be cured. It is important to get diagnosed early as medication cannot undo any permanent damage caused by the disease. A simple urine test called as Gonorrhea DNA Test can specifically diagnose the disease.
3. Genital Herpes:
It caused by two types of viruses. The viruses are known as Herpes Simplex Type 1 and Herpes Simplex Type 2.
Often a person infected with the virus does not know that he has herpes because there are no visible symptoms.
Sometimes symptoms appear in the form of:
- painful blisters or open sores in the genital area or on the thighs or buttocks.
- First small red bumps appear which develop into blisters, and then become painful open sores.
- In few days, the open sores become crusty and then heal without leaving a scar.
- The first episode of genital herpes may show up symptoms like: headache, fever, muscle aches, difficult or painful urination, vaginal discharge, and itching and burning sensation of the genital area.
Herpes is very contagious. You can get genital herpes by having sexual contact with others who are having outbreaks of herpes. The virus can also spread from one area to another on the same person. Both the viruses, HSV-1 and HSV-2 lie dormant in nerve cells, and may cause “outbreaks” at unpredictable times.
IgG testing is the best option for accurately diagnosing herpes simplex 1 and 2.Type-specific blood tests look for not only whether you have antibodies against a herpes virus but whether they are against HSV-1 or HSV-2. There tests are:
- HSV 1 And 2 OR Herpes Simplex Virus IGG
- HSV 1 And 2 OR Herpes Simplex Virus IGM
Do consult your doctor after getting your report.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by bacteria called as Treponema Palladium. Syphilis can cause serious health problems if left untreated. Syphilis is divided into stages (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary). There are different signs and symptoms associated with each stage.
To know more about Syphilis and VDRL test Check Here.
VDRL (Venereal Disease Research Laboratory) test is a screening test for syphilis. It is a simple blood test.
RPR test (Rapid Plasma Reagin) – in addition to screening, is useful in monitoring treatment for syphilis.
If you are pregnant and have syphilis, you can pass on the infection to your unborn baby. Syphilis can lead to a low birth weight baby or in some cases results a still-born. To prevent this, you should be tested for syphilis at least once during your pregnancy. If the test comes back positive, you should be immediately treated.
Syphilis can be cured with right antibiotic given by your doctor. Follow-up testing should be done after the treatment.
5. Hepatitis B:
Hepatitis B is a viral infection which if chronic can be potentially life threatening. The acute form of hepatitis is less dangerous and usually gets better in couple of weeks. The chronic form can inflame the liver and may cause liver cancer.
One can get infected by Hepatitis B by coming in contact with blood or other body fluid of infected person. The virus can infect you if:
- Have unprotected sex with infected person.
- Share needles with an infected person.
- Share razor or toothbrushes with an infected person.
- Get a tattoo with unsterilized needle.
Hepatitis infected mother can pass it to her baby during delivery. Therefore, it is very important for pregnant ladies to get themselves tested for the virus.
Due to absence of symptoms, many people never come to know if they have the infection. Sometimes some symptoms may appear which include:
- Mild fever
- Nausea or vomiting
- Belly pain
- Loss of appetite
- Yellow eyes or skin
As most people are asymptotic or have symptoms common to other illnesses, the diagnosis can be made only by blood test. the blood test is HBsAG antigen test. To know more about the test please click Guide to Hepatitis B Test in India.
6. HIV (AIDS):
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If you get infected by this virus, it can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS if not treated. HIV attacks body’s immune system, specifically T cells which help fight off infections. As the level of T cell decreases in a HIV infected body it becomes susceptible to other infections or cancers. One can’t get rid of HIV completely, even with treatment. So,once you get HIV, you have it for life. But if caught early the disease can be controlled and lives can be prolonged.
HIV is a symptomatic in most of the cases. Within 2 to 4 weeks of catching the infection, people may experience flu-like illness, which may last for few weeks. If you think you have been exposed to HIV through sex or drug use and have flu-like symptoms, you should undergo HIV diagnostic test.
HIV-1 and HIV-2 are the two main types of HIV.HIV-1 is the most widespread type worldwide. HIV-2, a less prevalent and less dangerous.
Large genetic differences between HIV-1 and HIV-2 viruses mean that two different tests need to be done.
7. Hepatitis C:
It is an infection of the liver caused by Hepatitis virus. Most people with hepatitis C have no symptoms. But following symptoms may be noticed:
- Yellow eyes and skin, as well as dark urine also known as jaundice
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
You can catch Hepatitis C if you:
- Have sex, especially if you have an STD, with several partners.
- Share needles with infected person
- Were born to a mother infected with hepatitis C
- Had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before year 1992
Hepatitis C cannot spread through water, food or air. You cannot get infected through casual contact with the infected person.
To test yourself for Hepatitis C you undergo a blood test called anti HCV test, to know more about the test, you can go to Hepatitis C Test in India
What are the benefits of getting tested for STD’s?
Most of the STDs are asymptomatic, they do not show any signs or symptoms. But having chronic STD’s may cause long term organ damage and be life-threatening.Also, if symptoms show up, they are usually mild and resemble the symptoms of other diseases. For example, signs and symptoms of gonorrhoea can be like Chlamydia but the two infections require different antibiotic treatment. Since the disorders have similar symptoms, a diagnostic test is required often test for Neisseria gonorrhoea and Chlamydia trachomatis at the same time.
It is very important to get tested for STD during your pregnancy as infection can pass on to the baby during birth and lead to serious health issues for the baby.
How can you prevent yourself from getting STDs?
The best prevention is to avoid exposure, since you can’t prevent some of the STDs by getting vaccinated. Some precautions you can take are:
- Don’t share personal items like your razor, comb or tooth-brush.
- For intravenous drugs use new needles. don’t share needles.
- If you have multiple sexual partners, practice safe sex.
- Not getting a tattoo in an unregulated environment.
- By eating a healthy and balance diet and avoiding alcohol. Obesity and alcohol intake, can it difficult to teat STDs.
- Women who are pregnant should speak to their doctor about having a screening test for the STDs.
Tests details of Labsadvisor’s STD Health Screening Package
- Chlamydia Trachomatis IgM
- Gonorrhoea DNA Test
- HSV 1 And 2 OR Herpes Simplex Virus IGG for Genital Herpes
- HSV 1 And 2 OR Herpes Simplex Virus IGM for Genital Herpes
- HBsAg Hepatitis B Surface Antigen for Hepatitis B
- VDRL (RPR), Serum for Syphilis
- HIV ( AIDS ) 1 And 2
- Anti HCV Card for Hepatitis C
Cost of Labsadvisor’s STD health package
|STDs (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)||LabsAdvisor Min. Cost of STD Package in Delhi / NCR|
|Sexually Transmitted Diseases Cost in Delhi||₹ 6009|
|Sexually Transmitted Diseases Cost in Noida||₹ 6009|
|Sexually Transmitted Diseases Cost in Gurgaon||₹ 6009|
Get ₹200 voucher for your first medical test at LabsAdvisor.com.
How to book a STD Health Package?
You may call LabsAdvisor.com at 08882668822 now to book your STD test in Delhi. You can also download our Android App ‘LabsAdvisor’ from Google Play store. If you want a call back, please fill out the form given below.
There are some other articles that may find useful for you, listed below: