Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in the neck of humans. It produces two hormones – T3 and T4 which regulate multiple functions of the body including metabolism, energy generation and mood control.
If the thyroid gland does not produce enough levels of T3 and T4, a condition called hypothyroidism, a person may experience weight gain, lack of energy, depressive mood, dry skin and some other ailments. 2% of population suffer from hypothyroidism.
On the other hand, if excessive hormones are produced, then a person may lose weight, have tremors or feel anxious. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. Women are more than 10 times as likely as men to get thyroid disorders.
Thyroid Function Test or Thyroid Profile is ordered in patients with symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism such as tremors, fatigue, muscle weakness, weight gain and dry skin. Thyroid profile involves testing of following:
- TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)
To know more about the tests, click here
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