Colonoscopy is a procedure done to assess the health of our large intestines or rectum with the help of a colonoscope (medical instrument inserted into the openings of the lower body part).
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Colonoscopy Cost Starting from Colonoscopy Price in Delhi ₹9025 Colonoscopy Price in Noida ₹9025 Colonoscopy Price in Gurgaon ₹9025 Colonoscopy Price in Bangalore ₹3060 Colonoscopy Price in Other Indian Cities ₹3060
Frequently Asked Questions About Colonoscopy
What is a Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a procedure done to assess the health of our large intestines or rectum with the help of a colonoscope (medical instrument inserted into the openings of the lower body part). Your doctor may advise you for a colonoscopy to investigate various diseases related to the colon.
This test is basically done to detect early colorectal cancer. It can also show several other colon conditions such as swollen or irritated tissue, ulcers, polyps or chronic Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBS).
What is a Colon?
Colon (Large intestine) is the biggest part of our large intestine or the large bowel that shoots out the waste products of our body. This 1200–1500 mm long organ plays a major role in our digestive system. The main function of the colon in our body includes drying, processing and eliminating the left waste from our body.
The small intestine absorbs the nutrients in the food and transfers it to the large intestine that is 5 feet long and about 3 inches in diameter. If we do not care and detox it regularly, then it may grow tissues of cancer, polyps or ulcers.
Who is recommended for a Colonoscopy?
Your doctor may recommend a colonoscopy for a variety of reasons such as:
- Unexplained bleeding from the anus
- A sudden change in bowel activity or habit, such as diarrhea
- Abdominal pain
- Sudden weight loss
Often some diseases such as cancer, polyps or ulcers don’t show prominent or early symptoms. So doctors recommend Colonoscopy as a screening test. A screening test is done when your body does not show any symptom but your doctor advises to get it done as a preventive check. This helps in detecting the conditions early.
Patients with a previous history of cancer or polyps are at a higher risk of going through it again. So, they are advised to have a periodic colonoscopy test as a preventive health check. Doctors recommend that people over age 50 should get their colonoscopy done periodically, as they are more prone to it.
How is it done?
The procedure is specifically performed in a hospital or a multi-functional lab. The process may take 30-60 minutes.
Before the test:
A gastroenterologist will take a physical examination of your abdominal area. Then they will inject a small dosage of sedative into your body that will help you to ease the pain during the process. You will be asked to lie in a comfortable position or on your left side on an examining table.
During the test:
Your doctor will insert a colonoscope through your rectum and move it to the advance ends of your intestines. A colonoscope is a long and flexible medical device that allows for a visual inspection of the colon and rectum. It has an attached camera and lighted rays on the mouth of it that helps to capture images.
The device is inserted into the patient’s anus to look for cancerous lesions and polyps — growths on the inside surface of the colon that sometimes turn into cancer. The device blows air into the intestine to expand the colon lining and helps the doctor to see more clearly. If your technician finds any abnormal growth or infection in the colon, then they remove it immediately or take a sample tissue to analyze the problem.
After the test:
The procedure may give mild cramps in the stomach. But it can be lessened by taking deep breaths during the procedure. Your doctor will carefully withdraw the device out of your rectum as soon as the examination overs.
Do I need any preparation?
Yes, you may need to take some medically necessary initiatives prior to your Colonoscopy. They may include:
- Follow a strict and healthy diet before your test
- Eat only low-fiber food, a few days prior to your test. Do not take nuts, whole grains or seeds.
- Don’t consume any solid a day before your test and increase the intake of clear liquids in your diet. You can drink coffee or black tea, clear soft drinks such as grape or apple juice.
- On the day of the test, you will be suggested for clear liquids only. Do not eat or drink anything two hours prior to your examination.
- Empty your stomach before your test. Any residue can lead to inaccurate reports.
- Ask your doctor about the temporarily changed pattern for your regular medication. Your doctor may ask you to stop your medicines temporarily before your examination.
- Inform your doctor if you are a diabetic, blood pressure or heart patient.
- Notify your doctor if you are consuming drugs regularly.
- Your doctor may ask you to take laxatives if you are prone to constipation. Some exercise and intake of fluids can also help you with the test.
- Wear loose-fitted clothing, without any embellishments.
- You will be given sedatives (local anesthesia) before your test. And it may take some time for you to recover from the sedative.
We have given a brief count of required preparations for your test, but the concerned doctor is in the right position to instruct you because different medical centers recommend different ways to prepare the bowel for a colonoscopy.
Are there any risk factors during the Colonoscopy process?
Colonoscopy screening procedure rarely shows any adverse risks. Bleeding often occurs if the patient has a polyp removed during the process. Perforation of the colon is the most complicated condition a patient faces if the technician is not experienced enough. If you face any of the symptoms specified below then immediately seek medical care:
- Severe pain in your abdomen
- Frequent fever
- Uncertain bowel movements
- Unexplained bleeding from the anus
- Dizziness or weakness
- Any noticeable reaction from the sedatives
- Breathing or heart problems
- Stomach cramps
What is a CT Scan Colonoscopy?
A CT Scan Colonoscopy is a technique that uses a CT scan machine to create more clear visuals of the colon. It produces constructed 3D images that are actually virtual. It is also known as Computed Tomography Colonoscopy (CTC) or Virtual Colonoscopy.
Doctors often suggest normal Colonoscopy over CT Scan Colonoscopy because the test has its own limitations. Such as:
- Virtual Colonoscopy cannot look for polyps that are smaller than 5mm. Whereas normal colonoscopy can detect the hidden polyps.
- CT Scan Colonoscopy does not remove the polyps or cannot collect sample tissues. (Until a biopsy procedure is practiced)
- CT Scan Colonoscopy involves the use of radiations.
- It is more expensive than normal Colonoscopy.
Due to these limitations, Colonoscopy has not been replaced by Virtual Colonoscopy. Now it is recommended to the people who cannot undergo a normal procedure of Colonoscopy.
If you wish to know CT Scan Colonoscopy cost in Indian cities, then click on the link → CT Scan Colonoscopy