Top Medical Reasons of Hair Fall and How to Identify Those
Is your persistent hair fall stressing you out? Somehow, a lot of Indians are losing hair at a very fast pace. While some of this is genetic in origin, many of us are losing hair at a faster pace and sooner that what our genes would suggest. In our culture healthy hair symbolizes youth fullness, beauty and good health. When you lose your hair, it is emotionally devastating. It lowers your self-esteem. But in most cases, the hair loss is temporary and reversible
In this article, we try to explain the various medical reasons for hair loss. We have also designed two blood test packages that will cover key nutrient deficiencies that cause hair loss. By getting this hair fall test done, you may uncover a deficiency that may be causing your hair loss. Free home collection can be arranged. Call us now on 09811166231 to book your hair fall package or book online on the links given at the end of this article.
We cover the following in this hair fall guide for India:
- What is hair loss?
- What are the causes of excessive hair loss?
- What can you do to prevent hair loss?
- What is the cost of specially designed LabsAdvisor hair fall packages?
- How can I book my hair fall package?
Find out the reason behind the loss of your hair and take measures to control it.
What is Hair loss?
Normally, people have between 100,000 and 150,000 hair on their head. According to kidshealth.com, it is normal to lose between 50 to 100 hairs everyday. In order to maintain a normal volume, hair must be replaced at the same rate at which it is lost. In a healthy scalp, new hairs grow to replace the lost ones. The signs of hair thinning are when you notice more hairs than usual left in the hair brush after brushing or in the basin after shampooing. You observe a bald patch or thinning crown. Most of the hair loss are reversible. So timely intervention can prevent and replenish your hair density.
What are the causes of excessive hair fall?
Healthy hair reflects healthy body. Persistent hair fall indicates that something is not right with your body. So it is imperative to investigate and identify the underlying reason for your hair loss.
The factors which may cause hair fall are:
Genetics play an important role, especially in men. Almost all hair loss in guys results from male-pattern baldness, a genetic trait that comes from their parents.
- PCOS and Hormone imbalance
PCOS leads to an excess of testosterone or androgen hormones in the body, which interact with the enzyme found in hair follicles and convert to di-hydro-testosterone (DHT). DHT binds with the hair follicles, shrinks them and eventually leads to thinner hair.
Hormonal changes associated with puberty, pregnancy, childbirth and menopause can cause thinning of hair. Discontinuing of birth control pills can also cause hair fall.
Hair loss can also be caused due to certain medications used to treat illness like cancer, high blood pressure, arthritis depression and heart problems. Such hair loose are temporary and reversible.
Traumas such as childbirth, poisoning, major surgery and severe stress may cause telogen effluvium; a hair loss condition in which a large number of hairs enter the resting phase (non-growing phase) at the same time, causing shedding and subsequent thinning.
Physical or emotional shock can also result in sudden hair loss.
Some people have tendency to pull their own hair. Such behavior is called as trichotillomania. This disorder usually begins around the onset of puberty and usually continues through adulthood. Due to the constant uprooting, permanent hair loss can occur.
If you tie your hair very tight into ponytails or cornrows, the strands become weak and breakoff resulting in decrease in hair volume. Rigorous brushing and heat styling also damages the cuticle.
An under-active thyroid also called as Hypothyroidism can cause hair loss, typically frontal. The thyroid gland is responsible for secreting thyroid hormones needed for proper growth and development of the body, including hair.
An under active thyroid doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones and can affect your hair growth and the texture of the hair on your scalp.
Hyperthyroidism (an over-active thyroid) can also cause hair loss, which is parietal rather than frontal. Proper diagnosis and thyroid hormone medication can restore your hormone levels to normal. This will stop hair loss and allow your hair to maintain its growth and strength.
An unhealthy scalp can cause inflammation in the hair follicles, making it difficult for hair to grow. Thus, a scalp infection can lead to hair fall.
There are different types of scalp infections, but the most common is tinea capitis. It is a kind of fungal infection, also called as ringworm of the scalp. The fungi are the germs that can live on the dead tissue of the hair and spread easily. It may affect either parts of the scalp, or all of it. Areas that are infected by these fungi often appear bald with small black dots. Dandruff can also cause hair loss.
- Iron-Deficiency Anaemia
Hair loss is one of the major and earliest symptoms of iron deficiency in the body. Due to a low iron level in the body, the blood does not have sufficient red blood cells to carry oxygen to cells throughout your body, including the hair follicles. Due to lack of oxygen, the hair becomes deprived of essential nutrients required for growth and strength.
Ferritin is the protein which stores iron in your body, and low levels are one of the most common causes of hair loss. Without ferratin, the growth cycle of hair is reduced. It’s possible to be low in ferritin without being iron deficient, which is why with your iron level, it’s vital they also check your ferritin levels too. Serum ferritin levels below or equal to 30 ng/mL are strongly associated with hair loss.
Lupus is disease in which your own immune system attacks the healthy callas and cause inflammation. As a result of inflammation of scalp, hair loss occurs. Hair loss in lupus patients occur while shampooing and brushing of their hair. The hair becomes very dry, coarse and brittle.
Along with hair loss, the other symptoms of lupus are extreme fatigue, joint pain, swelling, muscle pain, headaches, oral ulcers, photosensitivity and a butterfly-shaped rash across the cheeks and nose. Do consult your doctor, timely treatment may help correct hair loss problems.
- Zinc Deficiency
A low zinc level in the body is another cause of weakness and breakage of hair that is often overlooked. Zinc deficiency can affect the hair on your scalp as well as your eyebrows and eyelashes.
Zinc is an important mineral required by your body to promote cell reproduction, tissue growth and repair. It helps in the maintenance of the oil-secreting glands attached to hair follicles. So, deficiency in zinc directly affects your hair growth.
Also, zinc deficiency can lead to deterioration of the protein molecules, which is what hair is made of.
Also, a low zinc level is also a factor for hypothyroidism, a well-known cause of hair loss.
To correct a zinc deficiency, include nuts like Brazil nuts, walnuts, pecans, cashews and almonds in your diet. If very low in your zinc level than you may have to take zinc supplements.
- Protein deficiency
Protein is also called as a building block of the body. It is important for different functions within the body –from regulating hormones to tissue repair. Its deficiency can cause several symptoms, including premature hair loss or dry and brittle hair. Either you do not take protein rich diet or your body is not able to absorb protein. Poor absorption of protein can occur due to gluten intolerance, celiac disease, gall bladder disease, liver failure, pancreatic disease, or abnormal bowel mobility.
Hair is made of a protein called keratin, thus your protein intake is directly linked with your hair growth and quality.
Pregnant women and those who are strength training should include extra protein in their diets.
- Vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that, when in deficit, can contribute to a number of health issues. Among these, is the potential for hair loss.If you are concerned with increasing hair loss, then get your vitamin D levels checked.If you lack regular sun exposure and dietary vitamin D from fish and fortified foods, vitamin D supplements can serve as an alternative.
- Vitamin B12 deficiency
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is an essential vitamin involved in body processes such as cellular metabolism, DNA replication and red blood cell formation. When the cell reproduces, it must first make a copy of its DNA. Hair growth is dependent on replication of DNA and hence adequate vitamin B12, among other nutrients. So a potential sign of vitamin B12 deficiency is hair loss. Hypopigmentation of the hair, or loss of hair colour, has been reported with a deficiency B12, according to a report published in the August 1986 issue of “Archives of Dermatology.”
- Vitamin E deficiency
The primary function of Vitamin E is as an antioxidant. Antioxidants protect the body from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals. Experts believe that free radicals are responsible for the development of blood vessel disease (atherosclerosis), cancer, and other conditions. Since Vitamin E is absorbed into cell membranes where it protects cells from damage from the oxidative free radicals.
Vitamin E prevents hair loss by providing physical stability to hair follicles and reducing the rate at which hair strands fall off.Vitamin E increases capillary growth, thus improving the oxygenation of the skin and the transport of essential nutrients to the cells of hair follicles.
Vitamin E promotes hair regrowth by reversing the damage due to dehydrating effect of sun-exposure.
- Biotin Deficiency
Biotin or Vitamin B7 is also called Vitamin H or Coenzyme R. It is a water-soluble compound and one of the B-complex vitamins.
A Harvard study concluded that biotin is one of the essential nutrients for preserving hair strength, texture and appearance.
Within a few weeks of the addition of biotin in your diet, you will start to see healthy, stronger and fuller hair.
What can you do to prevent hair loss?
If you are experiencing hair fall, do not suffer in silence. You should address the cause through the approaches of modern medicine and nutritional supplementation. To identify the cause, you may need a series of lab tests. The hair fall package from LabsAdvisor.com comprises of all the tests advised by a doctor to diagnose the root of the problem.
This package consists of following tests:
1. Thyroid Function Test:
Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland present in the neck of humans. It produces two hormones T3 and T4 which regulate many functions of the body including metabolism, energy generation and mood control.
If your thyroid gland does not produce enough levels of these hormones you suffer from a condition called hypothyroidism. In hypothyroidism you may experience weight gain, lack of energy, depressive mood, dry skin and hair fall. On the other hand, if excessive hormones are produced, you may lose weight, have tremors or feel anxious. This condition is called hyperthyroidism. Thyroid disorders are 10 times more prevalent in women than in man.
The thyroid function test or thyroid profile consists of test for TSH, T3 and T4.
It is a simple blood test and a fasting of 10hrs is required.
2. Vitamin D:
Vitamin D test checks the level of 25-hydroxy Vitamin D in the body. Vitamin D assimilated in the body in presence of sunlight is an essential nutrient. 25 hydroxy vitamin D is a good indicator of vitamin D in the body and hence it is checked in this test. It is a simple blood test and does not require fasting.
3. Vitamin B12:
Your body doesn’t naturally produce vitamin B-12. It comes from animal products like meat, fish and dairy. People who are at risk for vitamin B-12 deficiency are mostly older adults, strict vegetarians, vegans and diabetics. Some people with gastric surgery or celiac disease are also deficient in vitamin B12 due to malabsorption. Vitamin B12 test is a simple blood test which require you to fast for 6-8 hours.
4. Vitamin E:
The level of vitamin E in the plasma or serum after a 12- to 14-hour fast reflects the individual’s reserve status. Serum concentrations of vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) depend on the liver, which gathers the nutrient after it has been absorbed from the small intestine. The blood test requires overnight fasting.
5. Total Protein:
The total protein test measures the total amount of protein in your blood and the amount of albumin and globulin.For the test, a blood sample will be drawn and sent to a lab.
A complete blood count test measures several components of your blood, including Red blood cells, White blood cells, Haemoglobin, Haematocrit and Platelets. Abnormal high or low cell counts shown in complete blood count may indicate that you have an underlying medical condition. It does not require fasting.
Testosterone is a sex hormone that plays an important role in both men’s and women’s health.Most commonly associated in male pattern baldness, testosterone can also be the reason for woman’s hair loss. Elevated testosterone may be due to hormonal imbalance or a condition known as PCOS.
8. FSC /LH:
Imbalances in these hormones will cause hair loss, along with PMS, irregular or heavy periods.
Prolactin is produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. Elevated prolactin will result in higher testosterone and other androgens.
10. Serum Ferratin and Serum Iron:
Both the test screen for iron deficiency.
A serum iron test measures how much iron is in your serum. Serum is the liquid that is left when red blood cells and clotting factors have been removed from your blood.
Serum iron, total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) and transferrin saturation are usually ordered together. A ferritin test is used to evaluate a person’s current iron stores.
What is the cost of Hair fall package?
We have designed two hair fall packages – 1) LabsAdvisor Hair Fall Package and 2) LabsAdvisor Advance Hair Fall package.
The Advance Hair Fall Package consists of all the tests covered in the basic package + vitamin e test. Vitamin E test is a slightly expensive test, hence, those who want to save money should first get LabsAdvisor Hair Fall Package done. Others may opt for Advance package straight.
The cost of our hair fall packages are given in the table below for different Indian cities. You can click on the link to book your test online.
|Hair Fall Package in India||LabsAdvisor Min. Cost of Hair Fall Package in India||Market Price of Hair Fall Package|
|Health Check – Advance Hair Fall Package in Delhi||₹ 7250||₹ 11930|
|Health Check – Hair Fall Package in Delhi.||₹ 2636||₹ 8000|
|Health Check – Advance Hair Fall Package in Noida||₹ 7630||₹ 11930|
|Health Check – Hair Fall Package in Noida||₹ 2636||₹ 9900|
|Health Check – Advance Hair Fall Package in Gurgaon||₹ 7630||₹ 11930|
|Health Check – Hair Fall Package in Gurgaon||₹ 2636||₹ 10000|
|Health Check – Hair Fall Package in Bangalore||₹ 7015||₹ 8770|
How to book the Hair fall package?
Get ₹200 voucher for your first medical test booking at LabsAdvisor.com.
There are some other articles that may find useful for you, listed below:
A Complete Guide to Vitamin D Deficiency in India.
Thyroid Function Test – A Complete Guide for India.
Vitamin E deficiency cause of infertility in India – Know symptoms of vitamin E deficiency.
Updated Vitamin B12 Test Cost in Different Cities of India.
Iron Deficiency Cost in Different Cities of India.
Complete Guide to Radioactive Iodine Test in India.